GM Nigel Short
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Nigel David Short was born in Leigh (England) on 1 June 1965. He first appeared on the international chess stage at the age of 12, when he took part in the British championship for adults, and defeated the grandmaster Jonathan Penrose, who would later be the national champion. At the age of 15 he took second place, behind the future world champion Garry Kasparov, at the Junior World Championship in Dortmund. In 1984 he was awarded the title of International Chess Grandmaster.
In 1993, after wins against Anatoly Karpov and Jan Timman, among others, Short made it into the final of the world championship, where he was to compete against Garry Kasparov. But as both players refused to accept the conditions of the world chess federation, FIDE, for the title match, they were disqualified by FIDE. Short and Kasparov then founded their own chess association, the PCA (Professional Chess Association), under the aegis of which they fought their title match. In the end Kasparov had a convincing victory: 12.5:7.5. The PCA disbanded only two years later.
Short won the Commonwealth championships in 2004, 2006 and 2008, as well as winning the European championship in Liverpool in 2006. He represented his country in 13 Chess Olympiads, gaining 86 points from 140 games. At the Chess Olympiad in 1986 he earned 10 points from 13 games and was awarded the gold medal on his board.
Short has also won the British national championship 3 times, and is currently in 41st place on the world ranking list, with an Elo rating of 2707.